DELHI

Capital:   New Delhi.

Area:   1483 sq km.

Population:   13782976.

Main Language:   Hindi,Punjabi,Urdu and English.

Best Season For Tourists:   Oct,Nov,Feb and March.

Temperature:   In Winter 23-7degree C, in Summer 41- 25degree

Introduction:

Delhi is the capital of India. Huge numbers of tourists and visitors from other states and foreign countries come to the capital not simply as tourists, but on different occasions with purposes.They belong to different cultures and languages and food habits as well.
Delhi is the emblem of India’s past and present.It is almost 3000 years old, great Pandavas of the Mahabharata ruled their domain near the Yamuna close to Old Delhi in the Aravalli region. It was then known as Indraprastha centered around the old fort. With it Indraprastha has become New Delhi.
In 1199 Delhi came under the rule of the Muslim slave dynasty.Today Delhi is proud of this historical metamorphosis.Tourists cannot ignore the thrill of this place of great historical interest.

Today New Delhi is the capital of India. Delhi is the third largest city in India, has been developed in two parts, Old Delhi(people call it Delhi) and New Delhi.

The statues of the British all over the Delhi were replaced when New Delhi became the capital of India. Also the names of the roads and streets were changed like,
Queen Victoria Road is now Rajendra Prasad Marg
Curzon Road is Kasturba Gandhi Marg
Clive Road is Tyagraja Marg
Queens Way is Rajpath
Circular Road is Nehru Marg
Connaught Circus is Rajib Chowk etc.

Janpath is one of the busiest roads in New Delhi. Tourism Dept office of Govt of India is at 88 Janpath. Office timings: 9-00 to 18-00 and on Saturday from 9-00 to 13-00. Sunday closed.
There are two airports in Delhi – Indira Gandhi International Airport and Palam. Delhi has rail links with all the parts of the India. There are two main railway stations – one is Delhi Junction to the west of Red fort and New Delhi at the heart of the city near Pahargunj. New Delhi Station maintain links with the rest of India. Delhi is equally linked with the cities beyond the state boundary with bus services. The Inter State Bus Terminus being the biggest in India is in Old Delhi at Kashmere Gate to the north of Delhi Junction. From this bus stand transport corporations of Govt and non-Govt bodies run their buses.

Adventure Park: Adventure Park Adventure Park is a new attraction of Delhi with air trip,water sport etc. Riding on para-sail canopy above 100m in the sky you may enjoy air trip. Again, you may ride a canoe on Yamuna. There is Food & Craft Bazar – Delhi Haat, it is a workshop-cum-shopping centre,where work of poor artisans may be purchased. You will get regional dishes of food in this bazar.You must visit this bazar at Sree Aurobindo Marg.

 

National Museum of Natural History : National Museum of Natural History To see fossils,stuffed animals,huge dinosaur and huge birds of prehistoric ages at the FICCI building. The Discovery Room is also appreciable.View the film show from 11-30 to 15-30.Open daily from 10-00 to 17-00.

 

 

National Gallery of Modern Art: National Gallery of Modern ArtNational Gallery of Modern Art is in the Jaipur House near India Gate.Open from 10-00 to 17-00. No ticket is required. Works of Rabindranath, Abanindranath,Nandalal Bose,jamini Roy and others are on display. This gallery has a huge collection of art and literature.

 

 

National Rail Museum: National Rail MuseumIt was built as per plan of British architect M G Satto on February,1957, with a carpet area of 10 acre.The museum displays 27 locomotives and 17 carriages.

 

 

Tibet Museum: Tibet MuseumTibet Museum at Tibet House at 16 Jorhbagh close to Hotel oberoi. Tibetian handicrafts are on sale.Open from Monday to Friday between 9-30 and 13-00 and 14-00 and 17-00.

 

 

Philatelic Museum: Philatelic MuseumPhilatelic Museum is at Sansad Marg at Dak-Tar Bhawan.The first Indian postal stamp released in 1854 is on display there.Open between 9-30 to 13-00 and 14-00 to 17-00 except Sunday and Saturday.

 

 

 

Shopping: Various items are found in the shops and markets of Delhi. From all over India these items are imported to Delhi for sale.Right from electronic articles to Belowari glass bangles all are being sold here.

Qutub Minar: Qutub Minar13 km to the south of Connaught Circus at Lalkote of the 8th century Tomor Rajputs, the 72.5m high Victory Pillar stands as a victory stand of Qutab-ud-Din-Aibak in India. The 5 storeyed Qutab Minar is a remarkable architectural edifice in India.The first floor made of red sandstone built by Qutab, the 2nd & 3rd floors were made of red sandstone and marble was built by Feroz Shah Tughlak.each floor contains balconies.However, the earthquake of 1803 destroyed it, in 1829 British Major Robert smith rebuilt the tomb.Recently Qutub is enshrined with strong lighting.

 

The graveyard of Mehmood: The oldest graveyard of India 4.08 km to the west of Qutab on the way to Palam. It was built in 1229 in Hindu-Muslim architectural style. Mehmood, the son of Iltutmis is laid here at rest.Very few tourists come here owing to dire lack of publicity.

Tughlakabad Fort: Tughlakabad FortOn Mehrauli- Badarpur Road 15 km away from Connaught Place and 8 km from Qutab, the 3rd Delhi city Tughlakabad was founded between 1321-25 by Giasuddin Tughlak.The was named after the Tughlak dynasty.The Tughlakabad Fort is encircled with 10-15 m high walls with 13gates.The 6.5 km diameter wall is excellent in its construction, well built and provided safety to the fort and palace-city-garrison.
Today Tughlak is a ghost city – tourists visit the well built memorial tomb on Giasuddin’s graveyard in the midst of the artificial lake at the southern entrance of the fort.

Suraj Kund: Suraj Kund17.7 km away from the city on Delhi-Agra road crossing Qutab Suraj Kund is in Haryana state.It is the creation of Rajput kings.Today, there is no water in the kund but the temple of Sun God is still there.A fair is held in the month of June.

 

 

 

Lakshmi- Narayan Temple: Lakshmi Narayan TempleTo west of Connaught Circus there is Lakshmi- Narayan Temple founded by Raja Baladeo Birla in 1938 in Odissi style of architecture.It is more known as Birla Mandir.Inside the temple of this Temple Marg,there are the deities Lakshmi,Narayan,Durga and Shiva.All are highly decorated.The temple is made of red saffron and white marbles representing all religion in one- there are also Buddhist and Sikh frescos and Chinese Buddhist bell.Accomodation is provided at the Temple’s Dharamshala.

 

 

 

Kali Bari: Kali BariClose to Lakshmi- Narayan Temple at Temple Marg is the Delhi Kali Bari, a very famous centre of pilgrimage as well as resort for the visitors and tourists.Kali Bari Guest House is very renowned.They have arrangement for visitors.

 

 

 

Bahai Temple: Lotus TempleThis temple is also known as Lotus Temple. This temple is one of the major attractions of New Delhi. It is one of the most visited buildings in the world. Around four million peoples come to see this temple. The construction of temple started on 21st April 1980 under F Sahaba’s planning and design, at Bahapur of Kalkaji north of Haus Khas in New Delhi and came to be completed on 24th Dec,1986. The 70m radius Prayer Hall has the capacity for 1300 devouts at a time to engage in meditation. This is the new attraction of New Delhi. Open to all between 10-00 to 16-00, one hour of worship is held.

India Gate: India GateThe 42m high India Gate was built in 1931.It is the war memorial of 90000 Indian and British soldiers in the first World War and Afgan War in 1919, who died for the Allied Forces on behalf of the British.However, the nameof only 13516 soldiers are inscribed on the gate.Below the cornice there is sun and both sides – INDIA MCM XIV(1914) and MCM XIX(1919) are inscribed.A canal has been dug to make a water link with the Secretariat. You may enjoy boating in this canal. In the dark,this illuminated gateway looks beautiful.Down below are 4 Amar Jawan Jyoti – a memorial foundation – made in memory of the jawans who dedicated their lives in Indo-Pak war in 1971.

 

 

Rashtrapati Bhawan: Rashtrapati Bhawan1.06km away from the Tourists Office at Janpath and to the west of Rajpath opposite to India Gate in the Raisina Hill range, on a carpet area of 330 acre of land there is Rashtrapati Bhawan with 340 rooms.The Durbar Hall is 23m in radius made of colorful marbles. Ashoka Hall of Rashtrapati Bhawan is busy round the clock with President’s programmes.

Mughal Garden,with artificial mountain,gardens,water falls, reservoir with 130 hectare of land of Rshtrapati Bhawan, is unique.The Garden looks beautiful in winter with a large variety of flowers.The collection of butterflies is also remarkable.418 gardeners are in constant watch and work with the garden.50heads have their jobs only to keep the birds away.Visit the palace obtaining permission from the Military Secretary of the President.Foreign Tourists may obtain permission from the Govt of India Tourist office.Tourists are always favoured. However, in Jan-Feb the gate is open to all.The Rashtrapati Bhawan becomes attractive on the festival days with decorative lighting.

Samsad Bhawan/Perliament House: Perliament HouseTo the N-East of Rashtrapati Bhawan and tho the north of Rajpath, at Samsad Marg,there is Samsad Bhawan, circular in shape like the British Parliament,planned and designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and constructed under the direct supervision of Sir Herbert Baker.The Parliament has two separate houses: the Upper House or Rajya Sabha, members being elected by the Assembly members of the states and the Lower House or Lok Sabha, members being elected directly by the people in elections every 5years.The Rajya Sabha members are elected for 2 years.Every Saturday at 10-30 Parade of jawans between Rashtrapati Bhawan and Perliament House is organised.

Jantar Mantar: Jantar MantarThe Maharaja of Jaipur Sawai Jay Singh II founded it.A little distance away from Connaught Circus at Samsad Marg it was built in 1725.It is a space observatory -.The huge Prince Dial is unique.

 

 

 

National Museum: National MuseumTo the right of Rajpath at Janpath is National Museum or Jadughar. Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone in 1955 and the museum was opened to visitors in 1965.Collection from Mohenjodaro,Harappa,Lothal,Kalibagan and antiques of prehistorical periods are on display.Historical documents dating back to 5000 years are displayed in the museum. The collection of Indus civilization,Brahminical,Jain and Buddhist sculptural antiques are all there.Besides, there are the holy Geet Gobinda,the holy Mahabharata,the holy Bhagbat Geeta in golden alphabets,an octagonal mini Quran,Babarnama in Babar’s handwriting,Jehangir’s diary,musical instruments of more than 300 types and varieties of tribal dresses.The evolution of ornaments through ages from prehistoric era to recent time are display in the ornament gallery of the museum.It draws tourists a huge number.You may attend film show here.Except Monday open daily from 10-00 to 17-00.

Nehru Museum: Nehru MuseumThe the south of the Rashtrapati Bhawan at Tinmurti road the house, in 1948 as the resident of the British Commander-in-Chief, has been converted into the resident of the Prime Minister of India in 1954.Since then the resident of Jawaharlal Nehru was Tinmurti.After his death in 1964, it was converted to the Nehru Museum.The trophies he was rewarded with in his life and as Prime Minister, are on display.The photographs of Nehru contitute an added attraction.A library has also been opened.The rose garden at Tinmurti is beautiful.

 

 

Indira Memorial Museum: Indira Memorial MuseumAnother national museum has been built at 1 Safdarjung Road in memory of Indira Gandhi on May 27,1985.Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her own bodyguard on 31oct,1984.A glass case covers the spot where she succumbed.3 rooms are filled with articles which were used by Indira.Photographs of Indira are also there.The blood stained sari and other dress materials of Indira are chemically preserved in the museum.

 

 

Lal Killa(Red Fort): Red FortThe 5th Mughal Emperor Shahbuddin Mohammad Kiran Shahjahan came to Delhi from Agra and built a Fort with red sandstone in Mughal style.Hence the name Red Fort or Lal Killa.The contruction was started in 1638 and was completed in 1648. 300 years later this historical Fort came under the control of a democratic Govt after independence.The national flag of independent India was hoisted above the Red Fort on 15thAugust,1947 to fly on.Down the Union jack and hoist the Indian National flag – and is was performed by the first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.He also delivered a speech from there.

A recent attraction of the Red Fort is evening Son-et-Lumiere programme.In light and sound you may view the historical narrative dating from the Mughal era to the day of independence – a long history of 330 years visible in Hindi and English.

Juma Masjid:Juma Masjid Opposite of Red Fort between 1650 to 1656,based on the plan and design of Ostad Khalil,the then great sculptor.Emperor Sahjahan built the Juma Masjid at the cost of Rs.10 crores – it may be held the replica of Moti Masjid in Agra.It is called Masjid-e-Jahanuma.It is the heartbeat of the Indian Muslims.It has 4 entrances – the east gate was meant for the royal family and Shahjahan used to come on every Friday and on every festival by foot from the fort.

 

 

Buddha Jayanti Park:Buddha Jayanti Park At Palam-bound Sardar Patel Marg via Karol Bagh opposite Assam House is Buddha Jayanti Park founded on the auspicious eve of 2500 years of completion of Buddha’s Great Salvation.A sappling od Bodhi Briksha was brought from Sri Lanka and planted in the memorial park.The park is full of flowers and the garden is pleasant and charming for rest and walk.It is ideal for picnic also.

 

 

 


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