India is Vast. India is the sixth largest country in the world and the second most populated country(Next to China) in the world. India is currently home to about 1.15 billion people, representing a full 17% of the earth’s population. There exist different cultures, languages, manners as well as different historical backgrounds and influences of the same historical events in different parts of India. The official name of the country is Republic of India. The Indians call their country “INDIA”. There are also two other names for India: BHARAT and HINDUSTAN.
India is a land of fascinating flora and fauna. From iternal mysteries of the sea to the ravishing beauty of the snowcapped Himalayas and with her rich cultural heritage india offers a tremendous treat to all types of tourists.All over from the snow-capped peaks of the East Himalayas to the sand and surf of the bay of Bengal, from a grand historical legacy and centuries-old culture to a modern commercialism, from a wealth of wildlife to a serene yet vibrant country life, India offers a complete tourist destination. Unless you see the beauty spots of india you cannot have any idea. India is a combination of sea, hill, desert, island, jungle – all together. You can see everything you want.
Best season to travel india is october to april.But, for himalaya tour april to september is the best.
Land Area: 2,973,193 sq km.
Water: 314,070 sq km. The total geo-graphical area of the country is 3,287,263 sq.km.
Area- Comparative: Slightly more than one-third the size of the US.
Population: 1,210,193,422(2011 census)
Land Boundaries: It borders on China in the northeast. Other neighbors are Pakistan on the west, Nepal and Bhutan on the north, and Burma and Bangladesh on the east.
Religions: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, Other 1.8%, Unspecified 0.1% (2001 census).
Scheduled Castes and Tribes: Scheduled Castes: 16.2% (2001 Census) Scheduled Tribes: 8.2% (2001 Census)
Languages: Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, Other 5.9%
Literacy: Definition: age 15 and over can read and write Total population: 61% Male: 73.4% Female: 47.8% (2001 census)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 31.1% (male 190,075,426/female 172,799,553) 15-64 years: 63.6% (male 381,446,079/female 359,802,209) 65 years and over: 5.3% (male 29,364,920/female 32,591,030) (2009 est.)
Median Age: Total: 25.3 years Male: 24.9 years Female: 25.8 years (2009 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.548% (2009 est.)
Birth Rate 21.76 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
Death Rate: 6.23 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
Net Migration Rate: -0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
Urbanization: Urban population: 29% of total population (2008) Rate of urbanization: 2.4% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex Ratio: At birth: 1.12 male(s)/female Under 15 years: 1.1 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female Total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant Mortality Rate: Total: 30.15 deaths/1,000 live births Male: 34.61 deaths/1,000 live births Female: 25.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life Expectancy At Birth: Total population: 69.89 years Male: 67.46 years Female: 72.61 years (2009 est.)
Total Fertility Rate: 2.72 children born/woman (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate: 0.3% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS – People Living With HIV/AIDS: 2.4 million (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS – Deaths: 310,000 (2001 est.)
Major Infectious Diseases: Degree of risk: High Food or waterborne diseases: Bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever Vectorborne diseases: Chikungunya, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis and malaria Animal contact disease: Rabies Water contact disease: Leptospirosis
Nationality: Noun: Indian(s) Adjective:Indian
National Anthem: Jana-Gana-Mana – by Rabindranath Tagore
National Song: Bande Mataram – by Bankimchandra Chattopadhaya
National Motto: Satyameva Jayate
National Bird : Peacock
National Animal : Tiger
National Flower : Lotus
National Symbol : The ‘Lion’, carved on Ashoka Stamba at Sarnath
National Language: None
Official Languages: Hindi – English
National Currency: Rupee
National Calender: Saka
National Flower: Lotus
National Fruit: Mango
National Tree: Banyan
National River: Ganga
National Flag : Three colours run parallaly as saffron at the top, deep green at the bottom and white at the middle. Saffron is the symbol of courage and sacrifice, deep green is the symbol of faith and chivalry , white is the symbol of peace and truth.
Ethnic Groups Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
Capital Name: New Delhi
Largest City: Mumbai
Geographic coordinates: 28 36 N, 77 12 E
Time difference: UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative Divisions: 28 states and 7 union territories:
States: Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.
Union territories: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Pondicherry, Lakshadweep, Chandigarh
Independence: 15 August 1947 (from the UK)
National holiday: Republic Day, 26 January (1950)
Constitution: 26 January 1950; amended many times
Legal system: Based on English common law, judicial review of legislative acts, accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations, separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, and Hindus.
Map Of India :