Area : 20.36 sq km.
Altitude : 305 mts.
Capital : Srinagar
Languages : Dogri, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu & English.
Temperature : Max. 43° C and Min. 23.4° C in summer.Max. 26.2° C and Min. 4.3° C in winter.
Rainfall : 107 cms. from July to September.
Clothing : Cottons in Summer.Woollens in Winter.
Religion : Hindu, Muslim, Christian & others.
Best Season : September to April.
Kashmir is the principal region in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, the other two supplementary units being Jammu & Ladakh. They say a visit to Kashmir can divide your life in two halves – before and after Kashmir. For indeed, after a trip to this unforgettable land, you are never quite the same again.Nestling in the lap of the dazzling, snow-caped Himalayas, the Kashmir Valley is undoubtedly a jewel in India’s crown. An inspiration for so much of Art, Music and Poetry, Kashmir’s is also a Honeymooners’ paradise, a nature’s lovers wonderland and a shopper’s dream come true.Over the years, Kashmir has come to love and look after its tourists, fulfilling their every whim.
Tourists are everywhere, soaking up all that Kashmir has to offer – the walk, the pony treks, the shikara rides at sunset on the Dal Lake. And once you have visited Kashmir, you will agree that what began as a dream, lives on as an unforgettable experience.Romantic green meadows, majestic mountains, bewitching lakes and valleys. Yes, Jammu has the uncanny ability to surprise at every turn. Tucked snugly between glittering ‘Shikharas’ on ancient temple and holy shrine perched atop hillsides, lie the most picturesque scenes you can ever imagine. But, this fascinating place has to be discovered quietly, gently and patiently. For, when they do reveal their inherent beauty, you will indeed be swept off your feet. In fact, you won’t believe your eyes.Ladakh is a land like no other. Bounded by two of the world’s mightiest mountain ranges, the Great Himalaya and the Karakoran, it lies athwart two others, the Ladakh range and the Zanskar range. Ladakh lies at an altitudes ranging from about 9,000 ft. at Kargil to 25,170 ft. at Saser Kangri in the Karakoram. Thus summer temperature rarely exceeds about 27° C in the shade, while in winter they may plummet to minus 20° C even in Leh.
Air: Indian Airlines operate scheduled services from Jammu to Delhi and Srinagar/Leh. Jammu airport is 8 km from city centre. Jet Airways also operate services between Jammu-Delhi and Jammu-Srinagar.
Rail: Jammu Tawi is an important railhead of the northern railways serving the Jammu and Kashmir State.
Road: Jammu falls on National Highway no. 1-A and is connected by National Highway network to all parts of the country. Daily bus services operate to and from Jammu to Delhi, Amritsar, Ambala, Chandigarh, etc. Deluxe and Video coaches are available on all routes.