The capital of the state of Maharashtra since 1960, and former capital of the old Bombay state, Mumbai has long been referred to as Gateway of India. In fact, a large ceremonial gateway was erected in 1911 to commemorate the first visit ever made to India by a British king and queen. Through this gateway the last British viceroy departed in 1947. Mumbai is the leading financial center of India and a major national commercial, transportation, and manufacturing hub. Mumbai Harbor, a broad, sheltered bay located between the city and the mainland, is one of the world’s greatest natural harbors. The port receives a large portion of the nation’s total imports and is a shipping point for goods produced in western India. Two major railroads terminate in Mumbai, providing service to all parts of India, and a major international airport serves the city.
How To go Mumbai City, India:
Air: The Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai is well connected to destinations around the world and to most major cities around the country.
Rail: Mumbai is well connected to all parts of the country by regular rail services, which makes it easy to get from one end of the city.
Road: Well linked by road to all the major centers in Maharashtra and in the neighboring states of Gujarat, Karnataka and Goa.
Places To Visit In Mumbai, India:
Afghan Church of St. John the Evangelist: This Church was built in 1858 in memory of those who fell in the First Afghan War, this is the most prominent of Mumbai’s churches.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: This Tower was earlier known as Victoria Terminus. Frederick William Stevens designed the splendid ornate building built in the Itallian Gothic style.
Chowpatty Beach: It is a small beach along Marine Drive with stalls selling varieties of snacks is popular for an evening stroll.
Gateway of India: Gracing the water’s edge at Apollo Bunder is the Gateway of India – a triumphal arch designed by George Wittet and completed in 1924 to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary in 1911, for the Delhi Durbar.
Haji Ali: On a little island, 500 cm out at sea and linked by a causeway to the mainland, is a memorial to Haji Ali, a Muslim saint. This unusual shrine is just one of Mumbai ‘s many interesting places of worship.
Mumbai High Court: Among the notable buildings of the ‘Raj’ period is the Mumbai High Court, built in the English Gothic style, the old Secretariat and the highly ornamented university building topped by the 280 ft. high Rajabai Clock Tower.
Mahalakshmi Temples: Notable among the temples in the city is the popular Mahalakshmi Temple, near Breach Candy. The black stone Shiva Temple at Bhuleshwar, the Babulnath Temple at Babulnath near Chowpatty and the fine marble Jain Temple on Malabar Hill are some of the other interesting temples in the city.
Marine Drive: The sweeping curve of the drive along the Bay studded with lights at night is popularly known as the Queen’s Necklace.
Nehru Museum / Planetarium: A children’s Science Park and Museum is adjacent to the planetarium.
Prince of Wales Museum: The Prince of Wales Museum is an imposing structure topped by a large central marble dome. Established in 1921, it houses varied collections that range from china the Victoria Gardens ware and miniature paintings to sculpture.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park: Better known as Borivilli National Park. It is a park within the city of Mumbai. The park covering an area of 9000 hectares is home to 274 species birds and 42 types of mammals apart from 8000 species of insects excluding 150 species of butterflies and 800 verities of plants.
Taraporewala Aquarium: It houses a small but worth-seeing collection of aquatic life and plants, Shell, Shell-craft articles and Fishery by-products are also on display.
The Mint and the Town Hall: The Mint and the Town Hall with their classical pillars and pediments dating back to the 1820’s are other interesting buildings of the period.
Victotia and Albert Museum (known as Bhau Daji Land Museum): This Museum is situated adjoining the Victoria Gardens. There are interesting collections of archaeological artifacts, maps and photographs here.
Elephanta Island: Just an hour away from Mumbai by boat is the Elephanta Island. The cave temples here, excavated between the 5th and 8th centuries AD are famous for their magnificently sculpted panels. The best known is one that depicts the Maheshmurti – a 5m, three-headed image of Lord Shiva.
Mani Bhavan: A collection of Gandhi memorabilia is preserved at Mani Bhavan where Gandhiji often stayed between 1917 and 1934.
Raudat Tahers: Situated beside Crawford Market, this lavishly decorated marble mosque / mausoleum has four silver doors. The Koran is inscribed on the inner walls in gold.
Excursion In Mumbai, India:
Juhu Beach: Juhu Beach, 30 km from the city, has a long stretch of sand but is crowded during the weekends. Beautiful unspoilt stretches of sand and resorts are to be found around Mumbai at Versova, Gorai, Marve. Manori, Madh Island. Alibaug, another fine beach is about 1½ hour by ferry from Gateway of India or 2 hours by road.
Park: Located up on Malaba Hill are the Kamala Nehru Park and the Hanging Gardens– welcome splashes of green with splendid views of the city. Victoria Gardens laid out in 1872, covers an area of 30 acres of land. In the little hills around the suburbs of Borivil is the Sanjay Gandhi National Park – with a lake and a Lion Safari Park.
Mumbai Map, Maharashtra, India :