More of an outpost of Telangana, Medak, earlier called Siddapur, has a citadel dating back to the Kakatiyas.It was built during the reign of Kakatiya emperor Prataparudra. Strategically built on a hillock, it was called the Methukudurgam, from the telugu word Methuku-meaning cooked rich grain.The main entrance proudly displays the double-headed bird “Gandabherundam” of the Kakatiyas. The Medak fort stands as an epitome of architectural excellence of the Kakatiya Empire.The water to the fort was served through a pipeline from a well inside the fort. It has three main entrances, the “Prathama Dwaram”, the “Simha Dwaram” or Lions Entrance that has two snarling lions at the top of the entrance and the “Gaja Dwaram”, or Elephant’s Entrance that has a sculpture of two elephants interlocked on both sides of the entrance. At the fort one can see a 17th century cannon that is 3.2 meters long. The canon has a trident etched on it. This fortress uses the natural topography to the maximum advantage with the rocky face offering it natural defenses.