Location : Along the Indo-Nepal border in the Lakhimpur-Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh.
Area : 614 sq. km.
Altitude : 150-183 mts.
Temperature : Max. 40°C and Min. 20°C in Summer.Max. 30°C and Min. 4°C in Winter.
Clothing : Cotton in summer and light woolen in winter. Preferably “Khaki”, olive green, gray or other inconspicuous clothing which does not alarm or scare away the animal.
Best season : November 15th to June 15th. The Reserve remains close between June 15th to November 15th.
A mosaic of grasslands, marshes, lakes and Sal forests constitute the Dudhwas Tiger Reserve. It is as wild as can be. This Tiger Reserve with an area of 614 sq. km is one of the finest productive terai eco-systems. It is home to a large number of rare endangered species, which include Tigers, Leopards, Swamp Deer, Hispid Hare, Bengal Florican, etc. Dudhwa has also the ideal kind of terrain for the Indian Rhino. About 1800 Barasingha are to be found in the Reserve and majestic herds are specially seen in the grassy wetland of the Sathina and Kakraha blocks. The Reserve has also a fair density of Tiger. Standing as it does at the top of the food chain, the Tiger can only be protected by the total conservation of its natural environment. Despite its numbers, sightings of the Tigers are rare, due to the dense nature of the forest cover. Dudhwa did have a large herd of Elephants. A herd of about 30 animals that migrated here after the destruction of their habitat in Nepal. The Reserve, however, does have a range of fascinating wild life. Included in their number are Sloth Deer, Ratel, Civet, Jackle, the Lesser Cats like the Leopard Cat, Fishing Cat and Jungle Cat, varieties of Deer – the beautiful spotted Deer or Chetal, Hog Deer and Barking Deer. The hispid Hare, a dark brown animal with bristly fur. The short nosed Crocodile – the Mugger and Otters can be seen along the riverbanks as well as Pythons and Monitor Lizards. A bird watchers’ haven Dudhwa is noted for its avian variety – about 400 species. Its swamps and several lakes attract varieties of waterfowl. Being close to the Himalayan foothills, Dudhwa also gets its regular winter visitors – the migratory water birds. The banke Tal is perhaps the most popular spot for bird watchers. There are Egrets, Cormorands, Herons and several species of Duck, Geese and Teal. Dudhwa has the Sarus, Crane – elegant in its gray and red livery, black-necked storks, white-necked storks, painted storks, open billed storks and adjutant storks. Raptors like the gray headed Fishing Eagle, Pallas Fishing Eagle and Marsh Harriers can be seen circling over the lake in search of prey – creating pandemonium among the water fowl as they swoop low. An extraordinary range of Owls is also to be found at the Reserve. These include the Great Indian Horned Owl, the Brown Fish Owl, the dusky Horned Owl, Scopes Owl, Jungle Owlet, the Brown Wood Owl and Tawany Fish Owl. Ccolourful birds such as varieties of Woodpeckers, Barbets, Minivets, Bulbuls, Kingfishers, Bee-eaters, Orioles, Drongos and Hornbills are all parts of its rich bird life.
Air: Nearest airports are Lucknow, Dhangarhi (Nepal 35 km).
Rail: Nearest railway stations Dudhwa 4 km, Palia 10 km,Mailani (37 km).
Road: From Lucknow: Lucknow-Sitapur-Lakhimpur-Biju-Bhira-Palia-Dudwa (219 km) or Lucknow-Sitapur-Lakhimpur-Shardanagar-Nighasan-Palia-Dudwa (230 km approx.).
Map Of Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh :