Fatehpur Sikri is situated 40 km from Agra.The world city of Fatehpur Sikri had 9 gates being on the eastern side from north to south the gateways are Delhi Darwaza, Lal Darwaza, Agra Darwaza, Suraj Darwaza, Chandar Darwaza and Gwalior Darwaza. On the west are Terha Darwaza, Chor Khirki and Ajmeri Darwaza. From Agra gate one passes the sandstone Tansen’s Baradari on the right and proceeds to the Chahar Suq, the place where the imperial band greeted the Emperor’s appearances in Diwan-i-Am.
Road: One can reach Fatehpur Sikri, 40 km from Agra, by bus or car.Taxis are available on hire from the Cantt. Railways station Agra. Buses for Fatehpur Sikri are available from the Cantt. bus stand and the bijlighar bus stand at regular intervals.
Diwan-i-Am: The journey to the royal place begins with Diwan-i-Am or the hall of public audience. This hall was also used for celebrations and public prayers. It has cloisters on three side and minor quarters are to the right and a splendid balcony, straight on. The architecture is a blend of styles with Hindu columns and Muslim cupolas. The interior of the rooms had colored decorations.
Birbal’s Palace: To the northwest of Jodhabai’s Palace the two storeyed house occupied by Akbar’s two senior queens – Ruqnyya Begum and Salima Sultan Begum. It has two storeys – four rooms and two porches with pyramidal roofs below, and two rooms with cupolas and screened terraces above. The building combines Hindu and Muslim styles of architecture.
Jami Masjid: Leaving the Royal Palace one proceeds across the car park to the Jami Masjid, the sacred section of Fatehpur Sikri. This is one of the largest mosques in India. Inside is the vast congregational courtyard. To the night, at the corner is the Jameet Khana hall and next to this is the tomb of Royal Ladies. To the left of the Jami Masjid is the stone cutter’s mosque, the oldest place of worship at Sikri. It is entire through the eastern entrance known as the Badshashi Darwaja.
Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti: The brilliant white marble tomb dominates the northern half of the courtyard. It is a masterpiece of marble work in India. The carved pillar bases and lattice screens surrounding the pavilion are stunning pieces of craftsmanship. The interior walls are lined with white marble while pillars are of ivory. The canopy over the tomb is inlaid with mother of pearl. People of all religions pray at the shrine. Next to it, within the courtyard, is the larger red stone tomb of Nawab Islam Khan, Sheikh Salim’s grandson and other members of its family.
Buland Darwaza: This gate can be approach from the outside by a 13 mts. flight of steps, which adds to its grandeur. The gate was erected in the year 1602 A.D. It is the highest and the grandest in India and ranks among the biggest in the world. The gateway measures 176 ft. from the pavement to the top and there are 123 flights of steps to the top from the street below. The doorway is richly inscribed with texts from the Koran cut in bold Arabic letters.
Map Of Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh :