Area : 7,300 sq km.
Capital : Gangtok
Languages : Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Tibetan, English & Hindi.
Temperature : Max. 20.7° C and Min. 13.1° C in summer.Max. 14.9° C and Min. 7.7° C in summer.
Clothing : Light woollen in summer and heavy woollen in winter.
Best Season : From March to May and September to December.
The Nepalese called it Sukhim – ‘The New Place’; for the Bhutias seeing those endless tracts of paddy fields it was Demazong, ‘The Valley of Rice’. But its original inhabitants –the Lepchas understood this land best for them it was simply ‘Nye-mae-el lang’ – abode of the Gods. Spread over 7096 sq km, it enfolds the; uppqr valley of the Teesta River, the major tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra River. Elevations range from 270 m above sea level in the south to over 8589 m in the north and north-waste region. This land of intense natural beauty, imbued with a mystic aura, is steeped in legends and history. The profusion of lofty peaks, holy lakes, ancient monasteries, orchid nurseries, heli-tours and stunning trekking routes make Sikkim a multidimensional holiday destination. Flower-filled meadows and hot springs, splendid vistas and tribal culture lure travellers to the north district – just tribal culture tours and tribal village visits. The stunning environs of the west district are adventure sports country. There’s white water rafting down the Teesta and Rangit Rivers and trekking through rhododendron forests amongst the mountainous tracts. The misty, fairytale-like village of Pelling, the great tourist attraction, has sensational views of Mt. Kanchendzonga. Close by is the sacred, prayer-flag encircled Kheceopalri (wishing) Lake, Some of the oldest monasteries in Sikkim are located in its south district, which is the starting point for treks to Maenam and Tendong Hill. This is mountain biking country and a heaven for naturalists.
Air: Bagdogra (124 km) is the nearest airport. Daily helicopter service – Gangtok – Bagdogra – Gangtok are available.
Rail: Gangtok has no air or rail connection to the town. You have to take the train up to New Jalpaiguri (125 km) and then continue your journey by road.
Road: From Siliguri, one starts for Gangtok on NH-31 and then branches off to NH-31A, from Sevoke, 20 km from Siliguri. The main link between Gangtok and the rest of the country is through Siliguri 110 km. One can also go to Gangtok from Siliguri, Kalimpong or Darjeeling is exhilarating, with the highway hugging the Teesta River for long stretches, passing through forests. On a clear day, a trip to or from Gangtok can be combined with picnics at beautiful spots enroute.
Entry Formalities at Sikkim:
Foreigners must obtain Inner Line Permit (ILP) to visit Sikkim. The permits can be obtained from all Indian missions, Tourism Office, New Delhi, Sikkim Tourism Office, Kolkata and Siliguri on the strength of an Indian visa. The 15 days duration permit is issued on the spot without any delay provided photocopies of passport and visa details alongwith two passport photos of the applicants are made available then and there. For those interested in going for trekking in the interior regions of the State, the department of Tourism issues Protected Area Permit at Gangtok which’s available for certain specified areas for groups consisting of four or more foreigners subject through a Registered Travel Agency.
Travel Spot: Dubdi, Lachung, Phensong, Yuksam, Dzongri, Menam, Rumtek, Yumthang, Gangtok, Namchi, Tashiding, Gurudongmer, Pelling, Temi, Khecheopalir, Pemayangtse, Tsomgo.
Park & Garden:
Himalayan Zoological Park
Fair & Festival
Map Of Sikkim :