Faizabad developed as a township nearly 220 years ago, during the reign of Safdar Jang the second Nawab of Avadh (1739-54), who laid it foundation by making it his military headquarters. Suja-ud-Daula built a fort known as chhota Calcutta, now in ruin. In 1765 he built the chowk and tirpaulia and subsequently laid out the Anguribagh and Motibagh to the south of it. Asafbagh and Bulandbagh to the west of the city. The two principals achievement of this period are the mausoleum of Suja-ud-Daula famous as Gulab-Bari. It is a striking building of fine properties standing in a garden surrounded by a wall, approachable through two large gateways. Suja-ud-Daula’s wife was the well-known Bahu Begum, who married the Nawab and continued to reside in Faizabad, her residents being the Moti Mahal. Close by at Jawaharbagh lies her Maqbara, where she was buried after her death. It is considered to be one of the finest buildings of its kind in Avadh. A fine view of the city is obtainable from top of the Begum’s tomb.
Map Of Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh :